Ritesh Tiwari1*, Ajay Kumar Shukla2
1Department of Pharmaceutical Science, Madhyanchal Professional University, Bhopal, India
2Department of Pharmaceutical Science, ITM College of Pharmacy, GIDA Gorakhpur, India
*Address for Corresponding Author:
Mr. Ritesh Kumar Tiwari
Department of Pharmaceutical Science, Madhyanchal Professional University, Bhopal, India
The bioactive chemical constituents of plants can be defined as secondary plant metabolites eliciting pharmacological or toxicological action in man and animals. Secondary metabolites are produced within the plants in addition the primary biosynthetic and metabolic routes for chemical constituents related with plant growth and development, and are regarded as products of biochemical “side tracks” in the plant cells and not needed for the daily functioning of the plant. Several of them are found to hold different types of important functions in the living plants such as protection, attraction or signaling hence that are called secondary metabolites such as Alkaloids, Saponin, Flavonoid, Phenol, Glycosides and others. Most species of plants seem to be able of producing such compounds. These bioactive chemical constituents of plants produce potential therapeutic role or toxicological effects in man and animal. Consequently in this review summarized the pharmacological action of that basic category of plant compounds where need to more search investigation and explore. That gives new concepts of new molecule discovery. The aim of this review is to focus on the importance of bioactive compounds and focus their effective role on human health.
Keywords: Bioactive, metabolites, toxicology, constituents