Review Articles

2019  |  Vol: 4(6)  |  Issue: 6 (November-December) |
A brief review on pharmacological and phytochemical studies of Capparis decidua

Rajshree Dahiya1*, Jai Singh Vaghela1, Ranjan Kumar Singh2

1Bhupal Nobles University, Udaipur, Rajasthan, India

2G. D. Memorial College of Pharmacy, Jodhpur, Rajasthan, India

*Address for Correspondence

Rajshree Dahiya

Department of Pharmacology,

Bhupal Nobles University, Udaipur (Raj.)



Capparis decidua belongs from a plant family Capparidaceae and commonly known as “kair”. It is an important plant of xerophytic zone and grows abundantly in wild arid regions of Asia, Africa and Saudi Arabia. Many chemical constituents such as alkaloids, terpenoids, glycosides and fatty acids have been reported from its root and stems extracts. C. decidua possessed many pharmacological attributes such as antidiabetic, anthelmintic, antibacterial, antifungal, analgesic, anti-nociceptive, antirheumatic, hypolipidemic, antiatherosclerotic, anti-tumor, antigiardial, antioxidant, anti-inflammatory, hepatoprotective, and anticonvulsant activities. The present article deals with the updated phytochemistry, traditional uses and pharmacological uses reported within a selected duration between 2009-2018.

Keywords: Capparis decidua, kair, xerophytic, antigiardial, hepatoprotective

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