Research Articles

2021  |  Vol: 6(1)  |  Issue: 1(January-February) | https://doi.org/10.31024/apj.2021.6.1.1
Bacterial agents of urinary tract infection among patients attending general hospital Dawakin-Kudu, Kano State-Nigeria

Salihu J. U.1*, M. Yusha'u2, A. A. Shehu1, M. S. Panda3, B. S. Imam4, M. Haruna5

1Department of Microbiology, Kano University of Science and Technology, Wudil, P.M.B. 3244, Kano State-Nigeria

2Department of Microbiology, Bayero University P.M.B. 3011, Kano-Nigeria

3Department of forestry, fisheries and wildlife, Kano University of Science and Technology, Wudil, P.M.B. 3244, Kano State-Nigeria

4Government Secondary School Panda, Kano State-Nigeria

5Department of Biology, Kano University of Science and Technology, Wudil, P.M.B. 3244, Kano State-Nigeria

*Address for Corresponding Author

Salihu J. U.

Department of Microbiology,

Kano University of Science and Technology, Wudil, P.M.B. 3244, Kano State-Nigeria

 

Abstract

Objective: The main objective of this study was to isolate and characterize bacterial pathogens from urine samples at General Hospital Dawakin-kudu Local Government Area. Methods: A total of 204 urine samples were from patients with suspected cases of urinary tract infection were subjected to isolation using standard bacteriological technique by streaking using a sterilized platinum wire loop onto the surface of freshly prepared Cysteine-Lactose Electrolyte Deficient (CLED) agar, MacConkey agar and Mannitol Salt agar plates followed by incubation at 35°C for 24 hours. The isolated bacteria were identified using standard biochemical tests including; Gram staining, Indole, Citrate utilization, Catalase, Urease, Methyl red, Voges-Proskauer, Oxidase and Coagulase tests. Results and conclusion: The results showed that, out of the total of 204 urine samples, 85 were positive for culture which accounted for 41.67%. The species identified include; Escherichia coli with infection rate of 49.41% (42 isolates), followed by Pseudomonas aeruginosa with total of 14 isolates (16.47%), Klebsiella pneumoniae with 12 isolates (14.11%), Proteus mirabilis with total of 7 isolates (8.24%), then Staphylococcus aureus has 6 which accounted for 7.06% each with the least prevalent organism being Staphylococcus saprophyticus with 4 isolates (4.71%). The study showed that, Urinary tract infection is the most prevalent among adults with 41-50 years of age 28(93.33%) and least prevalent among children 0-10 years old are the most little infected 4(19.05%). The highest prevalence was observed among 21-30 years of age 22(45.83%), this is followed 31-40 years old 18(35.29%), 11-20 years and 51 to above old which has infection rate of 8(25.00%) and 5(22.73%) respectively. The study has shown that, the infection rate increases with increase in age. Females (especially at the child-bearing ages) had higher frequency of UTI (47.52%) as against their male counter parts (35.92%) in the area studied. However, there was no significant difference (P < 0.05) in relation to sex.

Keywords: Klebsiella pneumonia, bacterial isolates, urinary tract infections

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