Anitha Nandagopal*, Sana Fatima, Umme Habeeba, Hiba Basit, Anupama Koneru
Department of Pharmacology, Sultan-ul-Uloom College of Pharmacy, Road no.3, Banjara Hills. Hyderabad, Telangana, India
*Address for Correspondence
Dr. N. Anitha,
Professor and HOD, Dept. of Pharmacology,
Sultan-ul-Uloom College of Pharmacy, Road no.3, Banjara Hills, Hyderabad, Telangana, India
Background: Pediatrics is a branch of medicine dealing with development, disease and disorders of children. Analysis of prescribing pattern observes the standards of medical treatment at all levels of the healthcare delivery system. Irrational prescription of drug leads to ineffective treatment, occurrence of adverse effects, prolonged duration of illness and suffering to patient and an increased economic burden to society. Since children are more vulnerable than adults, it is crucial that principles of rational prescription are strictly adhered to. Objective: To analyze the current scenario of prescribing pattern of drugs in pediatric patients in Hyderabad metropolitan. Materials and Methods: A total of 200 prescriptions were collected for a period of three months and various parameters were calculated. In this study 52.5% prescriptions were of male patients and 47.5% prescriptions were of female patients. These prescriptions mainly consist of oral dosage forms like syrups, tablets, drops, suspensions etc. Results and Conclusion: High number of pediatric patients was diagnosed with bacterial infections followed by common cold and with gastrointestinal tract infections. Beta-Lactam antibiotics were the vastly prescribed antibiotics as well as the mainly chosen for combination therapy among pediatric patients. There is a need to improve prescription pattern by generic name and drugs from Essential Drug List.
Keywords: Drug prescribing pattern, pediatric patients, antibiotics, dosage forms